Coontie- The coontie, or arrowroot, is a medium-sized shrub that is mainly used as a specimen plant or as a border plant. It grows in sandy soil and most light conditions. They are a larval host plant for the Atala butterfly and they attract bees and other pollinators.
|white indigo berry- The white indigo berry is a shrub that can grow up to 10ft tall and 6 ft wide. and live up to 50 years. Its best used as a shrub border or buffer plant that grows in moist, sandy soils with full to partial sun. It has a small white flower year sound and small white berries with an indigo pulp that provide food for birds and nectar for the Schaus Swallowtail and other butterflies. Additionally, it is a larval host plant for tantalus sphinx moths.|
Simpson Stopper- The Simpson Stopper, or twinberry, is a very versatile shrub, it can grow anywhere from 5-20ft tall and 3-15ft wide and be used in a variety of landscapes. It can grow in humus, limerock, and sandy soils with full sun to partial shade. This threatened plant blooms a fragrant white flower that attracts birds, bees, and butterflies.
Marlberry- The Marlberry plant is a native shrub of Florida that grows 3 to 6 feet tall. It has glossy, dark green leaves and white flowers that turn pink as they mature. The fruit is a dark red, spherical berry that is sour, but edible. It can be eaten fresh or used in jellies and jams. The Marlberry plant can be used in landscaping as a hedge or screen and is also a good choice for naturalizing in woodland areas.
Myrsine- The Myrsine plant is a shrub that is native to Florida. It can be used in landscaping to provide shade and privacy. It can grow up to 10 feet tall and has a dense growth habit and produces red berries. Myrsine is also a nitrogen fixer, and can be used as a cover crop to improve soil quality. It can be used in landscaping to provide shade and privacy. It grows in most light conditions and is tolerant of difficult growing conditions.
Jamaican Caper- Jamaican caper is a thorny, evergreen shrub or small tree that grows up to 10 feet tall. It is native to Jamaica and other Caribbean islands, where it is used as a hedge or ornamental tree. In Florida, it is mainly used as a landscape plant, due to its showy flowers and interesting foliage. The plant has glossy green leaves and clusters of white flowers that give way to small, edible berries. The Jamaican caper is a larval host plant for Florida White butterflies and other pollinators. This plant grows best in full sun and well-drained soil and can be pruned to maintain its size and shape.
|Red-tipped cocoplum- The Red Tipped Cocoplum is a shrub that can grow to be about 15 feet tall, though usually kept trimmed around 5 feet tall. It has red tips on its dark green leaves and small, white flowers. It is often used in landscaping because it is drought tolerant and can thrive in a variety of climates. It has a broad, spreading habit and produces an abundance of small, red fruit. The fruit is edible but is not typically eaten. The tree is often used as a screening or hedge plant.|
Horizontal Cocoplum- The Horizontal Cocoplum is a small, shrubby plant best used as a hedge or specimen plant. The cocoplum prefers well-drained, dry soil, but can tolerate some wetness. It can grow in full sun or partial shade The dimensions vary, however it can grow to be up to 8 feet tall. The leaves are a deep green with a purple hue and the flowers are white. Can host the larvae of the Gulf fritillary butterfly but it attracts various other pollinators and its fruit feeds small animals and some birds such as canaries, jays, and woodpeckers.
False Indigo- False Indigo is a perennial plant that typically prefers well-drained, acidic soil, and can grow in full sun or partial shade. It is best used as a shrub to form small thickets, a screen, or a background plant This can grow to be 6-12 feet tall, with deep green leaves, and an upright, branching habit, and produces racemes of bluish-purple flowers. The False Indigo can be a host for the larvae of the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, feeds hummingbirds, and is excellent for pollinators.
Blolly- The Blolly prefers well-drained, sandy soil and full sun or partial shade. It can grow to be 10-25ft and even larger in south Florida. Blolly is a small, endangered tree that can be planted in areas where other plants find it difficult to grow. Its small red berries that fruit in the summer and fall feed some birds while its leaves provide great cover.
Tea Bush– This shrub is best used as a specimen plant, and prefers moist to well-drained soil. It grows best in full sun or partial shade and grows to be 3-6 feet tall. It has deep green foliage and white flowers. It prefers full sun and well-drained soil. It has almost no tolerance for salt spray or salty wind. The Tea Bush can bring in hummingbirds, and a lot of pollinators, especially bees.
Firebush– The Firebush prefers well-drained soil, but can tolerate some wetness and can grow in full sun or partial shade. The Firebush is a large, specimen shrub that typically grows 6 to 10 feet tall, but can reach up to 15 feet tall in some cases. It has a spreading habit and produces showy, tubular, red flowers. It earns its honorary title of the best bird and butterfly shrub in Florida by providing a lot of food and cover for small birds, attracting hummingbirds, and being a larval host for the pluto sphinx moth and zebra wing butterfly. Additionally, it is known to attract bumble bees.
Bahama Cassia- The Bahama Cassia prefers well-drained, sandy soil and can grow up to 5ft tall in full sun or partial shade. It is listed as a threatened species and it acts as a larval host plant for the cloudless sulfur and sleepy orange butterfly. It also attracts a variety of other pollinators
Bahama Strongbark- This tree is best used as a hedge or screen. It prefers well-drained, sandy soil, and can grow in full sun or partial shade Grows to be 10-15 feet tall, and around 5-15 ft. wide. It has deep green foliage and yellow flowers. It attracts a variety of birds and pollinators, such as hummingbirds and bees.
Pineland Lantana- Best used as a border or specimen plant, this shrub prefers well-drained soil but can tolerate some wetness. This shrub prefers full sun and can grow to be 2-3 feet tall by about 5 feet wide. Has deep green foliage and red or orange flowers. This plant has been reported to be pollinated by butterflies during the day and moths at night and is a big attraction to bees.
Fiddlewood- The fiddlewood is a 10-25 ft shrub with fragrant white flowers that bloom all year. Additionally, it produces orange-brown fruits that are enjoyed by small birds and other mammals. It grows in full sun to part shade and limerock or sandy, moist soils. It is most commonly used in natural landscapes but can be great for habitat restorations since it provides cover for wildlife and its berries are a common snack for baby birds in the spring. This hurricane-resistant shrub is a larval host for the fiddlewood leafroller moth as well as being a pollinator and nectar plant for bees and butterflies.
Necklace Pod: This shrub is well known to be a good accent tree/shrub, and much prefers sand as soil that is moist to very long dry periods. This plant is very hearty and doesn’t mind salt spray, salty wind, or occasional flooding due to storm surges. It enjoys full sun, and blooms all year, omitting cold weather. It attracts small birds and hummingbirds, and many, many pollinators
Beautyberry: The Beauty Berry is a perennial plant that can grow up to 6 feet tall. It has a smooth, green stem and lance-shaped leaves. The Beautyberry is often used in hedges and screens, and it can also be grown in containers. It grows best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It typically reaches 3-4ft tall and 3-4ft wide. Beautyberry is a host plant for spring azure butterflies and snowberry clearwing moths.
Wild Coffee: This small specimen shrub is a good shady cover plant, and is used in foundation planting. This shrub grows 2-6 feet tall in part shade to shade, as it does not like constant full sun. Its preferred soils are loam, lime rock, and sand, and within this, it enjoys moist soil with shoer very dry periods. It has very pretty red berries and white flowers and is known to feed birds with said fruit. It attracts many pollinators such as butterflies and bees. It is known to be a host for Schaus’ swallowtail and many other species of butterfly.
Little Gem Magnolia: The Little gem magnolia is a small, deciduous tree that typically grows 10-20 feet tall. It has a slender, upright habit and dark green leaves that turn yellow in fall. The flowers are fragrant, white, and cup-shaped, and they appear in late spring or early summer. The Little gem magnolia is a popular choice for use in landscapes and gardens, and it is also used in container plantings. It grows best in moist, well-drained soils of any kind, since it is very adaptable, in full sun to part shade. Little gem magnolia is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Houstonia Longii butterfly.
Florida Privet: The Florida Privet is a small, evergreen shrub that typically grows 5-15 feet tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The flowers are yellowish-green and fragrant, and they appear in late winter or early spring. The Florida privet is a popular choice for use in landscapes and gardens particularly because of its notable hurricane resistance. Grows best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. The Florida privet is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Schinia Florida moth. Its fruit is noted to attract songbirds in particular since it matures before most other fruits.
Wax Myrtle: The Wax Myrtle is a large, evergreen shrub that typically grows 10-15 feet tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The wax myrtle is a popular choice for use in landscapes as it is good as a background or hedge plant. Besides its looks it is also known to attract wildlife. It serves as good wildlife cover, and its seeds are eaten by birds. It grows best in wetter soils, and much prefers full sun to part shade. It is also well known as very resistant to hurricanes. The wax myrtle is a host plant for the caterpillars of the banded and red-banded hairstreak butterflies.
Saltbush: The saltbush is a small, evergreen shrub that typically grows 3-6 feet tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The flowers are small, white, and fragrant, and they appear in late winter or early spring. The saltbush is a popular choice for use in landscapes and gardens, and it is also used in container plantings. It grows best in moist, well-drained limestone or sandy soil and in full sun. Saltbush is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Pammene Aurita moth and a nectar plant for Monarch butterflies.
Walter’s Viburnum: Walter’s Viburnum is a deciduous shrub that typically grows 10-15ft tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The flowers are small, white, and fragrant, and they appear in late winter or early spring. Walter’s viburnum is a good informal or formal hedge. It grows best in humus or sandy soils in full sun to part shade. Walter’s viburnum is a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure butterfly and attracts a myriad of other pollinators, most notably scarab beetles.
Bay Cedar: The bay cedar is a moderately-sized, evergreen shrub that typically grows 6-10 feet tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The flowers are small and yellow, and they appear year-round. The bay cedar is a popular choice for use as a hedge or specimen plant, best in coastal areas. It grows best in very dry sand in full sun to part shade. It has a high salt spray and salt wind resistance and doesn’t mind occasional inundation. It is a host plant for the Martial Scrub Hairstreak and Mallow Scrub Hairstreak butterflies.
Sea Lavender: The sea lavender is a small, evergreen shrub that typically grows 3-6 feet tall. It has a broad spreading habit and dark green leaves. The flowers are small, white, and fragrant, and they appear in late winter or early spring. The sea lavender is an excellent specimen shrub but should only be planted in oceanfront gardens or directly into beach dunes as it can be susceptible to diseases inland. It grows best in dry, well-drained soils in full sun. Sea lavender is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Euchaetes Eagle Moth and the Miami Blue butterfly.
Yaupon Holly: The Yaupon Holly is an evergreen tree that typically grows 8-25 feet tall. It is known as a long-lived perennial. Its white flowers bloom in the spring, and the red fruit appears and ripens in fall all the way through winter. It enjoys a nice full sun to part shade in the sand. Light moist sand to completely dry for long periods are preferred by the holly. Its fruits are eaten by birds, and it is pollinated by bees.
Sweet Acacia: The Sweet Acacia is a large, evergreen shrub that typically grows 8-15 feet tall. It grows best in moist, well-drained soils in full sun. Its bright yellow flowers make it a great barrier shrub or specimen plant but take care to keep it away from walkways since the trunks and branches have thorns. However, this makes it a great cover for birds and other small wildlife. Sweet acacia is a host plant for the caterpillars of the Pseudosphinx Tetrio Moth.
Shiny Blueberry: The Shiny Blueberry is a small, evergreen shrub that typically grows 1-2 feet tall. It has white to pinkish flowers, and the stems of which are a deep red. These showy flowers bloom in mid-spring. It is best used as a temporary wildflower, as it has a very short lifespan. It grows best in full sun to part shade in moist to dry sand. Shiny blueberry is a host plant for different species of bee, such as Augochlorella Aurata and Augochloropsis Anonyma. Birds and other small wildlife consume its fruit.